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Dore bumwe mu bwicanyi ndengakamere bwabayeho mu mateka ya muntu!


kuva muntu yabaho iteka ntiyigeze agira amahoro kuko ubuzima bwe bwagiye buhonyorwa kandi bugahonyorwa n’uwo yakita umuvandimwe, umuturanyi,inshuti cyangwa umugenzi.
N’ubwo GENOCIDE zemewe n’umuryango w’abibumbye muri iy’isi ari eshatu:

iyakorewe abayahudi igakorwa n’Abanazi (Holocaust 139-1945) ,iyakorewe AbanyArmenia(1915-1923) ndetse n’iyakorewe Abatutsi mu mwaka w’1994.,Hari ubundi bwicanyi ndengakamere (massacres ) bwagiye bwibasira inyoko muntu,bamwe bagatera hejuru bagira bati iyi ni Genocide abandi bagaturuka hirya bagira bati” oya ubu n’ubwicanyi busanzwe”

gusa n’ubwo byarangiraga ntawemeje ko ari Genocide mu by’ukuri ntibyabaga bivuze ko imbaga nyamwinshi yaburaga kuba  yahatikirira.
Ubundi Genocide N’ubwicanyi bugamije kumaraho (Extermination) bukorwa na guverinoma cyangwa ubwoko runaka cyangwa se agatsiko k’iyobokamana,,,,hagamijwe gutsimbura burundu abantu bahuje  ubwoko, cyangwa  se ukwemera ,cyangwa  umuco, cyangwa na none bazira inyungu za politiki.
bishobora gukora mu buryo bweruye (murder) nyuma yo gutegurwa ,cyangwa bugakorwa mu buryo budahutiyeho(indirect) hifashishijwe kwicisha inzara n’inyota , gucibwa(deportation) ku  barimburwa.
twifashishije ubu busobanuro twabateguriye ubwicanyi ndengakamere 10 bwibasiye inyoko muntu kuri iy’isi.
10.Ubwicanyi bwakorewe Abanyamerika kavukire


ahagana mu kinejana cya 16,umugabane w’Amerika wari isi nshya winjiwemo n’abanyaburayi bari baramaze kumva no kubona ubukana bw’ibibembe,n’uko Abanyamerika kavukire kubwo kwikanyiza ku banyaburayi bari bazanye amategeko ku butaka bwabo,baje guhabwa ibiringiti birimo ibibembe n’uko bapfa umusubizo,kandi iki cyorezo cyari cyazanwe n’abanyaburayi kugira bigarurire  ubutaka bwera,cyaje kwiyongera ndetse kirasakara,gihitana  amamiliyoni n’amamiliyoni y’abanyamelika kavukire,ubu bwicanyi ntabwo bwigeze bwitwa Genocide n’umunsi umwe.
9.Ubwicanyi bukorerwa abanyaKorea ya ruguru


Leta y’i Piyongyang yahoze mu ntambara n’abaturage bayo,kuva mu mwaka w’1945  ubwo Kim II Sung yafataga ubutegetsi,imiryango iharanira uburenganzira bwa muntu yateye hejuru ivuga ko Korea yicisha inzara abagororwa ba Politike cyane cyane abatavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi ariko kandi ngo ubu bwicanyi ntibwigeze buhagarara kugeza uyu munsi,gusa ibi ntacyo byatanze kuko imbaga y’abaturage yakomeje kuhatikitira,ngo abamaze kwicwa kuva icyo gihe barenga miliyoni utabariyemo abagore n’abana babo bagiye batikirira mu magereza ya politike  ari mu majyepfo ya Korea y’amajyaruguru,

umwanditsi akaba n’umushushanyi Pablo Picassa byaramurenze maze akora igitabo cyigaragaza agahoma munwa gakorwa na guvernoma ,igakorera abaturage bayo maze akita “Massacre in Korea”

8.Ubwicanyi bushingiye ku madini hagati y’Abahindu,Islam,Sikhs(partition India)


ubu ni bumwe mu bwicanyi bushingiye ku madini bwibasiye rubanda nyamwishi ku isi,hari ahagana mu mwaka w’1947,ubwo icyahoze ari colony y’abongereza kigabanyijemo ibice bibiri,Pakistan n’ubuhinde.Kuri icyo gihe insoresore z’abahindu n’izabaSikhs zirukanye bikomeye uwitwa umuyoboke w’idini rya islam wabarizwaga ku butaka bw’ubuhinde ku rundi ruhande na none niko insoresore z’idini ya Islam zakubitiye kure uwari umuhindu,umusikhs  maze ava mu kitwa pakstan ubu ahunga atazi iyo ajya,abarenga mliyoni y’abantu barapfuye iki gihe,,abagore bamwe bafatwaga ku ngufu ndetse n’abana babo bareba.
Nk’uko IBT ibitangaza ngo abagore bamburwaga ubusa maze bagashyirwa mu muhanda,bazira ukwemera kwabo,hari ngo n’abahitagamo kwiyahura aho gufatwa ku ngufu imbere y’ibibondo byabo,N’uko itegeko rivuye ibukuru ryategekaga ko abahindu batura igice kimwe n’abayisilamu ukwabo ryateye ubunyamaswa mu bantu maze baramarana.

7.Ubwicanyi bwakorewe abanyacambodia (1975-1978)


Ubwo abarwanyi abenshi muzi nka Khmer Rouge (Red khmer) bahirikaga ubutegetsi bwariho i Cambordia umugambi wabo wari uwo kwimakaza amatwara ya gikoministe (Utopia),intego yambere kwari ukwigiza kure uwariwe wese utemera kandi ngo agendere ku matwara ya gikoministe,ntabwo kwari ukwica abari ku ngoma cyangwa mu igisirikare cyariho batemera amatwara ya gikomiste gusa ahubwo harimo no kwica abarimu,abanyamakuru,abashoramari ,abanyabwenge,abasenga buddha,,,,,, ndetse yewe n’abambara amataratara cyane cyane abatemera amategeko ya gikoministe.
Ubwicanyi bw’aba Khmer Rouge bwahitanye abanya Cambodia bagera kuri miliyoni 2,bangana na 20% ,1/4 cy’abaturage ba Cambodia,ubu bwicanyi kandi bwahagaze ubwo Vietnam yateraga Combodia mu mwaka w’1978.

6.Ubwicanyi bwakozwe na Joseph Staline (Stalinist Era/URSS 1929-1953)


N’ubwo abenshi babanza ku isonga Adolf Hitler  nk’umwicanyi ruharwa w’ikinyejana cya 20, uyu mwanya awuhanganiyeho na Joseph Staline.
Ntiwabara abantu bishwe n’amategeko ya Staline  yo guhutiraho ndetse ntiwabara abishwe n’ingaruka z’ivugurura ry’ubuhinzi yazanye ,umwishywa we ALexandre Allilouiev yavuze ko yari inyamaswa yuzuye,abenshi bagereranya abantu baofuye ku bwa Staline ariko biragoye kumenya umubare nyawo ariko kandi Toptenz   ivuga ko abasaga miliyoni 9 bahatikiriye. nyamara aba bose bapfuye mu gihe cy’imyaka 10 gusa yamaze ayobora URSS.
Mu mwaka w’1937 -38 yishe abarusiya bagera ku bihumbi 800, mu mpera z’1937 Staline yari yarogeye ,ari igikomerezwa ndetse amaze kwikiza abo yitaga abanzi,ntabwo tuvuze abachechens batagira umubare yimuye mu gihugu cyabo cy’amavuko bakicwa n’inzara n’inyota  mu kiswe Chechens Deportation abashinja guha icyuho abadage ngo bamutere.
5. Ubwicanyi bwakorewe abashinwa mu mwaka w’1949-1976.
Byose byatangiye ku ngoma ya Mao Zedong mu kiswe “great Leap Forward” ,iki gihe Mao yazanye ubuhinzi bwa kijyambere (bujyanye n’igihe ) ninabwo amamiliyoni y’abashinwa yishwe n’inzara ndetse n’umwuma,bavuga ko kur iki gihe hapfuye abashinwa bari hagati ya miliyoni 45-70,icyakomeje gutera inkeke n’uko Mao atigeze aharika ubwo buhinzi kuko byagaragaraga ko abantu barusha ho kuhashirira.

Indi nkubiri yahitanye abantu ku gihe cya Mao n’ikiswe “Cultural Revolution” kuva yatangira mu w’1966 abantu barwanya guverinoma batikiriye mu magereza,miliyoni z’abantu zarafunzwe zamagana imitegekere ya  Mao ,muntu mu bushinwa yabonye agahenge Mao Zedong amaze gupfa.

4.ubwicanyi bw’aba Genghis Khans


aba Genghis Khan bari bayoboye ikiswe Empire de Mongol mu kinjejana cya 13,aba barwaniraga ku mafarashi,ariko bakica buri wese udashaka kubiyungaho,ibi babikoraga bagura Mongol.
3. Ubwicanyi bwakorewe Abanyarumenia(1915-1923)


N’ubwo AbanyaTurikiya b’ikigihe batabikozwa nyamara babanjirije undi muntu wese wagambiriye  gutsemba burundu muntu amuziza aho aherereye mu kinyejana cya 20, ubwo Empire Ottman yariyobowe na Enver Pasha(1881-1922) yishe kandi yicisha umwuma n’inzara abanya Armenia bagera kuri miliyoni 1 n’ibihumbi magana inani (1.8M),harimo n’ibihumbi by’abatari abanya Armenia kavukire.

 
Abanya Ottman ariyo Turikiya ya none nibo kandi bazanye ama camp yogushyiramo abantu,ayo macamp atagira ubuzima bwuzuye kuburyo uyarimo ubuzima bumucika areba kubera kubura icyo kurya ,kunywa ndetse no kutagira aho ahengeka umusaya kubera ubwinshi bw’abantu.
aya macomp rero niyo yazanwagamo abari batuye Armenia,bakazizwa ko ngo bahaga icyuho  ingabo z’Abarusiya  zazaga gutera Empire Ottman.

2.Genocide yakorewe abayahudi (The Holocaust 1939-1945)


Ntabwicanyi bwabayeho hakusanyijwe imitegurirwe yabwo nk’uko byakozwe kugira hamenyekanishwe uburyo Hitler afatanyije n’Abanazi bishe abayahudi bavuga ko atari ubwoko bw’Imana.n’ubwo Hitler yirashe mu mutwe mu kwezi kwa mata 1945 yasize araritse ingogo kuko abayahudi basaga miliyoni 11-12 harimo miliyoni imwe n’igice by’abana bato.
aba bose bishwe mu buryo bugayitse burimo gukoreshwa imirimo y’ingufu,kwishishwa umwuma n’inzara,gushinyagurirwa no kurashwa no kwimurirwa aho muntu atabasha kubona ibimutunga.
1. Genocide yakorwe Abatutsi mu Rwanda (Mata/1994).


Hashize imyaka 22 iyi Genocide ibaye,ndetse niyo yanyuma iherutse kubaho ku isi,ariko kandi itandukanye n’izindi zose twavuze haruguru kuko ariyo yonyine abanyagihugu bishe abandi banyagihugu,iyi Genocide ari nayo twibuka muri iyi minsi ijana,yatwaye ubuzima bw’abatutsi bagera kuri miliyoni n’abandi banze kwitandukanya nabo,aba bose kandi nk’uko amateka abigaragaza bishwe amahanga arebera ndetse na Leta ibigizemo uruhare.
Ntabwo ari UN gusa yareberaga nk’uko Washingtonpost ,TopTenz biti”n’igihugu cy’igihange mu burengerazuba bw’isi (USA) cyasabye imbabazi ko cyarebereye igihe Genocide yabaga mu Rwanda mu mwaka w’1994″.
Bill Clinton waruyoboye amerika muri cyo  gihe yaje mu Rwanda mu mwaka w’1998 maze agira ati”we owe to those who died and to  those who survived,our every effort to increase our vigilance and Strengthen our Stand against those who would commit such atrocities in the future here or elesewhere…source :Associated Press”
ati” dufitiye umwenda abagiye n’abarokotse  wo kongera ubushishozi no gukomera mu kurwanya  abashobora kongera gukora amahano nkaya mu gihe kizaza haba hano cyangwa n’ahandi”.

 

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